Sunday, August 30, 2009


In recent times we hear a lot about this topic,”Swine Flu”. But are we sure that all these information are reliable? Of course every Government and WHO are helping at its most to deliver us the true facts and preventive measures. But here, this is a little effort to give you every important detail on swine flu in a single document.


It is well known that there are 3 major outbreaks of swine flu in history out of which 2 are pandemic.

1918 Pandemics:

It was caused by H1N1 virus. It took 6 to 9 months to spread when the travel across the countries was only by ship and train. It was also estimated that 50 to 100 million people were dead. It is believed now that the virus undergone reassortment within a mammal and remained transient.

1976-The US Outbreak:

The outbreak was identified when a military recruit at Fort Dix, New Jersey was found to be infected with a variant of H1N1 in February, 1976. Soon a vaccination program was started by the President Ford. Few of the vaccinated people reported Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a neuromuscular disorder as a side effect. But it is a rare side effect with present modern vaccination.

2009 Outbreak:

The first victim was found in Mexico on March, 2009. This time it was because of a new strain of H1N1 which was a result of reassortment of strains. It was not previously reported on pigs. And also the outbreak must have started before it was recognized.

What is Reassortment?

It is common in influenza viruses. The genetic material of viruses infecting same host can be mixed resulting in a new one. This new virus inherits properties of both its parent.


While circulating in general community of people there is a possibility that H1N1 virus can get mixed up with other seasonal flu resulting in unpredictable ways.

“The virus writes the rules and this one, like all influenza viruses, can change the rules, without rhyme or reason, at any time”, said Dr.Margaret Chan, Director General of WHO.


It is transmitted mainly through contact with the contaminated surfaces. It is transmitted from human to human through respiratory droplets.

But cooked pork is truly safe to eat.


The symptoms of swine flu are much similar to the seasonal flu-fever, sneezes, sore throat, coughs, headache and joint pains. In some cases diarrhea and vomiting is also reported. Most of the cases are mild. There are chances of serious complications for the people above 65years, below 5years, pregnant women and people with medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, obesity, heart disorder or a weakened immune system.


The best ways to avoid all kind of influenzas are frequent hand washing, balanced diet, sufficient sleep and avoiding crowds. Masks may be of benefit. If masks are used proper use and disposal is recommended. Since incorrect use may increase the risk.

Things to be remembered when masks are worn:

  • minimize the gaps between face and mask.
  • cover mouth and nose properly.
  • replace it when it becomes damp.
  • no reuse of single-use mask.


When someone is sick do not rush to the hospital. It may not be swine but swine can be caught there. Instead stay at home and call your physician or any helpline number.

Things to be done when u got flu like symptoms:

  • stay at home and follow the instructions given by the Ministry of Health.
  • maintain distance from the well beings.
  • cover mouth and nose while sneezing and coughing.
  • improve airflow in living space.

The antiviral drugs recommended by WHO are Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Relenza). These antiviral drugs are used to deactivate an enzyme needed by the virus to grow and spread. Use of antiviral drugs can cause side effects. These drugs are for cases with serious complications. People with mild to moderate severity do not need these drugs. It is also feared that H1N1 may combine with seasonal flu and become drug resistant.


WHO expects that the vaccine will not be available till the end of 2009. It takes 5 to 6 months for the full process of preparing a vaccine. The initial dosage is planned to make available for pregnant women, health care workers and children below 5 years.


The circulation pattern of swine flu in Northern Hemisphere is same. The spread of seasonal flu is at low speed and of swine flu continues to spread.

Whereas in Southern Hemisphere it forms a mixed pattern. In Chile 99% of the flu cases are H1N1. In South Africa seasonal flu plays dominant. In Australia we got a mixed pattern. In Southern Hemisphere the flu is likely to spread since it is approaching its winter season.

WHO Data Reports:

In July 6, there were 94512 cases of swine flu in 122 countries with 429 deaths. In August 23, the toll increased to 209,438 cases with 2185 deaths.

The very best thing that can be done now is stay informed. Look for reliable information. And learn what you can do to protect you and your family.

US OPEN 2009 (TENNIS) - Aug 31 to Sep 13

Venue: USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center.

Location: Flushing Meadows-Corana Park in Queens, New York City, USA.

Surface: Deco Turf (Hard)

Total Prize Money:US$ 24,289,000

This is the Fourth Event of Grandslam of an year which is Held in USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows-Corana Park in Queens, New York City, USA.
2009 US Open Tournament is scheduled between 31.08.2009 to 13.09.2009.
This event is played in Hard surface( Deco Turf)

The US open differs in one way from other three Grandslams. The final set, ie 5th set in men and 3rd set in women, will be a tie break (incase there is game point of 6 all in final set), while in other Grandslams, they want to play final set till there is a difference of two points.

Men's Singles: Juan Martin Del Potro(ARG)
Women's Singles: Kim Clijsters(BEL)
Men's Doubles: Lukas Dlouhy(CZE) and Leander Paes (IND)
Women's Doubles: Venus Williams(USA) and Serena Williams(USA)
Mixed Doubels: C Gullickson(USA) and T Parrott(USA)

DAY 15 HIGHLIGHTS(Mon Sept 14,2009):
* Men Single's Final:
Del Potro dethrones Federer to become 2009 US Open Champion. He beat Federer in 5 sets- 3-6 7-6(5) 4-6 7-6(4) 6-2. He put an end to Federer's 40 winning streak in US Open and also ended Federer from getting 6th consecutive US Open title. Federer was leading in second set, but Del Potro came back strongly to win the set in tie break. Federer didnt looked comfortable in tie break. Del Potro on claiming 4th set in tie break, went to final set with that momentum to broke Federer twice and won the set and the match. This was Del Potro first career grandslam title and became second Argentinian to win the US Open title.

US Open 2009 Men's Single Champion- Del Potro

Roger Federer and Del Potro

* Women's Doubles Final:
Williams sister Won their 10th grandslam doubles title. They beat C Black/L Huber in straight sets 6-2 6-2. Venus and Serena both looked comfortable through out the match. The Williams Sister completed career Grand-slam in Doubles.

Serena and Venus- Winners of Women's Double

Huber/Black(Runners)- Serena/Venus pose with their trophies

*None of 2008 Champions defended their title in this year.

DAY 14 HIGHLIGHTS(Sun Sept 13,2009):

* Kim Clijsters Crowned 2009 US Open Champion. She beat C Wozniacki 7-5 6-3 in final to clinch her second Grandslam title and second US Open title. She made her comeback after two years. She had taken break after having a child. Clijsters is the first mother to win a Grandslam since Evonne Cawley.

Clijsters with Trophy

Kim Clijsters and her little girl Jada celebrating the win

Caroline Wozniacki-Runner up

* Men's Doubles Final:
Paes/Dlouhy conquered the US open Double title by defeating Bhupathi/Knowles pair by 3-6 6-3 6-2. They came back strongly after after losing first set poorly. They fired up in second set to win it by 6-3. Knowles like Paes was wounded, had stiches in fingers . Finally Paes-Dlouhy came up with good tennis to defeat them. This was their second grandslam together and this was second loss in final of grandslam for Bhupathi/Knowles in this year.

Celebration time

Bhupathi/Knowles- Runners and Dlouhy/Paes- Winners

* Roger Federer beat Novak Djokovic by 7-6 7-5 7-5 to move to final.
* Women's Doubles Semi final: Black/Huber beat Stouser/Stubbs by 5-7 6-3 6-1 to set clash with Williams sister in tomorrow final.
* Del Potro ousted Rafael Nadal by 6-2 6-2 6-2 to move to Final of US Open. This was Del Potro first major grand slam final. And this was Nadal worst defeat in grandslam.
* Serena Williams was fined $10,500 for her on-court behavior in semi final match, $10,000 for misconduct and $500 for racquet abuse.

* Junior Girl's Singles Final:

Watson after her win

Britain's Heather Watson beat Russia Yana Buchina by 6-4 6-1 to become Junior Girls' Champion

2009 US Open Junior Girls' Champion Heather Watson (GBR) and Finalist Yana Buchina (RUS)

* Junior Boy's Singles Final:
Bernard Tomic of Australia defeated Chase Buchanan of USA by 6-1 6-3 to clinch the junior championship.

US Open Boy's Champion Bernard Tomic (AUS)[ and Finalist Chase Buchanan (USA)

DAY 13 HIGHLIGHTS (Sat Sept 12,2009):
* Kim Clijsters defeated World No 2 and defending champion Serena Williams to enter final by 6-4 7-5. In second set,Serena reacted angrily to linewomen when called for foot fault. Serena was given a point penalty and it was on match point, due to her unsportsmanlike conduct.In another semi final Wozniyaki beat Wickmayer by 6-3 6-3.
* Rafael Nadal finished the game as soon as possible which was halted due to rain on thursday,he beat Gonzalez by 7-6(2) 7-6(2) 6-0 to make clash wit Del Potro in Semi final.
* Women's Double semifinal was suspended due to rain and it was postponed to Sunday.
Stouser/Stubbs won the first set by 7-5 when the match was stopped due to rain.
* Men's Doubles Final was postponed to Sunday due to rain.

DAY 12 HIGHLIGHTS (Fri Sept 11,2009):

DAY 11 HIGHLIGHTS (Thu Sept 10,2009):
*Defending Champions Black/Paes were dethroned by Gullickson/Parrott by 6-2 6-4 who played exceedingly very well compared to the no2 seeds. The No2 seeds didnt find their rhythm throughout the match and Cara Black lost all her serves in both sets. This was first major title for the USA pair and they just lost one set in their first round match against Petrova/Mirnyi and knocked off three seeded players including Top seeds Huber/Bhupathi in their journey to finals.

Champions of 2009 US Open Mixed Doubles- Parrott and Gullickson

Runners up of US Open Mixed Doubles- Paes and Black

* Del Porto cruises to semifinal by defeating Cilic 4-6 6-2 6-2 6-1.
* Nadal Vs Gonzalez has been halted due to rain and will be resumed on Friday. Nadal was leading 7-6 6-6(3-2) when the play was suspended due to rain.
* Williams sister moves to final of Women double after a hard fought victory against Makaraova/Kleybanova by 7-6 4-6 6-2.

DAY 10 HIGHLIGHTS (Wed Sept 9,2009):
* Roger Federer Cruises to semi final by defeating Robin Soderling by 6-0 6-3 6-7(6) 7-6(6). Soderling came back strongly in thrid set especially in tie break. Fedex was leading 5-0 in tie break but Soderling hit hardly and played exceptionally well than Federer to win the tie break by 8-6. With the same form Soderling troubled Federer little and both never gave up easily and it went on to tie break where FedEx dominated and won it by 8-6 to register his place in semi final.
* Novak Djokovic booked a semi final berth against Federer by winning the match against Fenando Verdasco. He defeated Ferdasco in four sets by 7-6(2) 1-6 7-5 6-2. This was Djokovic third consecutive semi final in US Open and was his first semi final in this year in grandslam.
* Oudin faiytale has been ended by 9th seed Wozniacki in straight sets by 6-2 6-2. She will meet Yanina Wickmayer of Belgium in semi final. Wickmayer who was ranked 50, defeated Bondarenko by 7-5 6-4 to move to semifinal.
* Bryan Brothers were defeated by L Paes/L Dlouchy pair to move to finals of Men Doubles. It was Paes/Dlouchy second consecutive appearance in final of US Open. They defeated Bryan Brothers by score of 6-4 3-6 7-6(6). They now will meet M Bhupathi/M Knowles pair who won 6-4 6-2 over M Mirnyi/A Ram pair.
*Cara Black and Liezel Huber defeated Nuria Vives and Maria Martinez Sanchez with a score of 6-3, 2-6, 7-5. In the other women's double quarterfinal match, Serena and Venus Williams advance to the semifinals by beating Zi Yan and Jie Zheng in straight sets 7-5 6-4. Williams sisters will meet Alisa Kleybanova and Ekaterina Makarova in semifinal.

DAY 9 HIGHLIGHTS (Tue Sept 8,2009):
* Clijsters and Serena Moves to semi-final with win against Na Li and Pennetta respectively.
* Rafael Nadal defeats Gael Monfils by 6-7(3) 6-3 6-1 6-3 and with this win he moves up to No 2 Position in world ranking.
* Shock Exit of the day : 2nd seed Andy Murray was defeated by Mario Cilic by 7-5 6-2 6-2.
* India's Leander Paes and Cara Black of Zimbabwe beat Su-Wei Hsieh and Kevin Ullyett by 6-2 3-6 10-5 to enter the US Open mixed doubles finals.
* Del Porto Cruises to Quarter Final with straight set win against Ferrero by 6-3 6-3 6-3.
* Gonzalez marches to Quarter final with victory against Tsongo by 3-6 6-3 7-6(3) 6-4.
* Bryan Brothers, Paes/Dlouchy, Bhupathi/Knowles, Mirnyi/Ram pairs moves to next round.

DAY 8 HIGHLIGHTS (Mon Sept 7,2009):
* Federer was in top form to register win against Tommy Robredo by 7-5 6-2 6-2 and moves to Quarter- Finals where he will meet Soderling. Soderling- the French Open finalist was leading 7-5 3-6 6-2 against Davydenko who retired due to thigh injury.
* Verdasco dismisses home hopes when he defeated Isner 4-6 6-4 6-4 6-4.
* Djokovic storms into Quarter Finals by defeating Stepanek in straight sets 6-1 6-3 6-3.
* Oudin extinguishes Petrova 1-6 7-6(2) 6-3, ousted third Russian player and booked a place in last eight.
* Another Upset of the day is Kuznetsova exit. She was defeated by ninth seed Caroline Wozniacki of Denmark 2-6 7-6(5) 7-6(5).
* Men's Doubles: D Nestor/N Zimonjic, M Bhupathi/M Knowles, L Dlouhy/L Paes advances to next round and reach last eight.
* Women's Doubles: Zi Yan/J Zheng advances.
* Mixed Doubles: L Huber/M Bhupathi, C Black/L Paes advances.

DAY 7 HIGHLIGHTS Sun Sept 6,2009):
* Clijsters comback continues with a stunning win over Venus Williams by three sets 6-0 0-6 6-4. Clijsters will meet Na Li in next round.
* Serena continues her good form with victory against Hantuchova by 6-2 6-0. Serena now wil meet Flavia Pennetta who beat 7th seed Zvonereva by 3-6 7-6 6-0. Pennetta escaped many match points, finally cruised to win the second set and won the macth.
* Rafael Nadal moves to next round with a solid victory against Almagro 7-5 6-4 6-4. Nadal was forced to call his trainer due to injury which made a setback to his further matches to clinch his first US Open title. He will meet Gael Monfils in Next match.
* Murray, Del Porto, Tsongo Progresses.

DAY 6 HIGHLIGHTS(Sat Sept 5,2009):
* Federer moves to 4th round by losing a set. He beat former champion Lleyton Hewitt by 4-6 6-3 7-5 6-4. Federer will next face Spaniard Robredo who beat Americans' favourite James Blake in straight sets 7-6 (7-2) 6-4 6-4.
* Safina and Sharapova were dumped by US open Teen stars Kvitova and Oudin respectively. Kivotiva is world number 72 - and she won 6-4 2-6 7-6 while 17 yr old Oudin beat Sharapova by 3-6 6-4 7-5.
* John Isner of USA stuns Andy Roddick. Roddick lost in 5 set thriller,Isner hit 32 aces compared to Roddick 20 ace. Isner won by score of 7-6 6-3 3-6 5-7 7-6 who will meet Verdasco in next round. Verdasco won hard fought match against Tommy Haas by score of 3-6 7-5 7-6 (8) 1-6 6-4.
* Djokovic struggled little but managed to come back against the American Qualifier Witten to win by 6-7 (2), 6-3, 7-6, (2) 6-4.
* Davydenko who is still yet to drop a set in the tournament made to work hard to move to next round.

DAY 5 HIGHLIGHTS(Fri Sept 4,2009):
* Rafa beat Kiefer to moves to next round. Serena, Clijsters, Del Porto, Murray advances.
* Venus struggles but wins. She will meet Clijsters in 4th round.
* Mixed Doubles: Black/Paes, Huber/Bhupathi advances to next round.
* Tsongo, Na li, Berdych advances.
* David Ferrer was oustud by Acasuso of Argentina.

DAY 4 HIGHLIGHTS (Thu Sept 3,2009):
* Elena Dementiva was knocked out by 17 yr old American Oudin by 5-7,6-4,6-3. It was the first match of that day and it went more than 2hrs and finally Oudin put all her efforts inspite of her injury.
* Another upset of the day was Jelana Jankovic. She was defeated by Shvedova of Kazakhstan 6-3 6-7(4) 7-6(6).
* Safina lost her first set in tiebreak and won the next two sets to move to next round.
* Roddick, Shravapova wins in straight sets.
* Blake, Sam Querry, Djokovic, Kuznetsova, Haas, Zheng moves to next round.
* India's Somdev Devvarman lost 3-6 4-6 6-0 2-6 tp 23rd seed Philipp.
* In Women Doubles Serena/Venus, Sania/Shiavona, Stouser/Stubbs moves to next round.
* In Mixed doubles Sania/Nestor, Cara Black/ Paes won their first round match.

DAY 3(Wed Sept 2,2009) HIGHLIGHTS:
* Rafael Nadal cruises to next round with win over Richard Gasquet of france, 6-2 6-2 6-3.
* Defending Champions Roger Federer and Serena Williams moves to next round with straight sets win. Federer defeated Greul 6-3, 7-5, 7-5, he wil meet Hewitt in next round and Serena beats Melinda Czink 6-1 6-1.
* Former US champion Marar Safin Knocked out in first round. He was outplayed by Austrian Melzer 1-6, 6-4,6-3,6-4.
* 10th seed Falvia Pennetta moves to next round with a easy win against India's Sania Mirza by score of 6-0,6-0. This was Sania Mirza first ever worst loss in her carrer.
* Amelie Mauresmo was defeated by Wozniak 6-4,6-0.
* Comeback Queen Clijsters continued her winning streak, against 14th seed Bartoli 5-7 6-1 6-1.
* Venus, Del Porto, Monfils, Zvonereva, Azarenka,Hewitt, Ferrer moves to next level.
* Top seed Black/Huber (Women doubles) moves to second round.
* Mirnyi/Ram and Damm/ Lindstedt moves to men's doube second round.

DAY 2(Tue Sept 1,2009) HIGHLIGHTS:
* The top seed and World No 1 Dinara Safina survives in her first match against Rogowska 6-7, 6-2, 6-4. She lost her first set and in third set she was trailing 0-3, she had to fight hardly to break australian serve and won last four game points consecutively.
* Djokovic continued his fine form to win against Ivan Ljubicic as 6-3,6-1,6-3.
* Murray was on his way to second round with a win over Ernest Gulbis 7-5 6-3 7-5.
* Kuznetsova, Sharapova, Jancovic, Tsonga, Sam Querry, Dementive cruises to second round.
* Paes/Dlouhy pair moves to next round.
* Ana Ivanovic Crashes out in first round. Katrenya Bondarenko beat her 2-6, 6-3,7-6(7)

DAY 1 (Mon Aug 31,2009) HIGHLIGHTS:
* Men Top seed and Defending Champion Roger Federer moves to second round with a comfortable 6-1 6-3 7-5 win over local boy David Birtton. Britton played his best in third set by breaking federer serve and took a lead of 4-3 but Roger broke his next serve. When it was expected to be tiebreak in third set, a double fault by Britton gave advantage to Federer and Fedex won the point to make it as 7-5 in third set.It was his 35th straight wins for Federer in New York.
* Former world No 1 and Former Us Open champion Kim Clijsters who made her comeback to tennis, continued her good form to win her first round match as 6-1 6-1 against Viktoriya Kutuzova of Ukarine.
* Indians shined at day 1: Somdev Devvarman who made his first appearance in Grandslam won his first round. He beat Frederico Gil(POR) 6-3 6-4 6-3. Sania Mirza had to fight harder to win her first round match against Olga Govortsova(BLR) wit score of 6-2 3-6 6-3.
* Venus Williams struggles but advances to next round.
* Serena, Andy Roddick, James Blake, Hewitt, Hatuchova, Mauresmo, Youzhney, Davydenko advances to second round.
*Most top seeded players advances to Round 2 in Day 1.